The Playful and Inquisitive Dog: Cairn Terrier

The Playful and Inquisitive Dog: Cairn Terrier

The Cairn is assumed collectively of the subcategories of Scotland’s terriers together with the Westies (West Highland White) and also the Scottish, The Westies and also the Cairns square measure extremely connected. For one, Westies square measure hybrids of white dogs crossed with Cairns of western European country. The Westie may be thought-about because the white type of the Cairn WHO incorporates a coat of any color however white. Scotties, however, have longer heads and bodies, have usually dark coats and square measure upstage than the opposite 2. These dogs originated from the hirsute Skyes.

Cairn is the smallest breed among the terrier group. The name Cairn was coined after the small stone piles that marked borders of Scottish farms and graves.  During the early times, this breed was used to guide small animals into these piles of stones. However, cairns are strong and sturdy but are not heavy.  

This dog was already present during the 1500s even before it became popular in 1930, after the appearance of “Toto” in “The Wizard of Oz” as Dorothy’s companion dog. Presently, like the American pit bull terriers, Cairns are used as companion dogs. Among the variety’s talents are tracking, watching over the house, hunting, and performing tricks and sports regarding competitive obedience.    

The following are some of the basic facts breeders would really love to know about Cairns:

Category: Terrier

Living Environment: indoors (highly recommended); outdoors (fenced yard) 

Coat: shaggy and coarse outer coat and short and soft furry undercoat

Colors: any color except white

Height: between 9.5 and 10 inches

Weight: between 13 and 14 pounds 

Temperament: like most terriers that were bred as hunters, these dogs area unit mischievous, alert, restless and high-spirited; even have a special reference to kids age six and on top of.

Breeders should note of the following health issues: 

  Atopy, a type of allergy 
  Cataract, or loss of transparency of one or both lenses of the eyes 
  Cryptorchidism, wherein testicles do not descend into the scrotum
  Glaucoma, a condition that causes an increase pressure within the eye
  Patellar luxation, a disorder in the kneecap

Care and Exercise: 

Daily brushing is recommended to prevent tangles and mats.
Hair around ears and eyes must be trimmed regularly.
Do not over feed them as they gain weight easily.
Their physique requires a regular exercise routine which includes a daily play time while on leash.
They should be on leash while walking in public places because of their hunting instincts. 


As already noted, the Cairns were existent since around the 1500s. At around 1700s, the Isle of Skye and other highlands in Scotland were already producing lots of small terriers. Scottish breeds were separated into two: the Skye terriers and the Dandie Dinmont terriers. 

The Dandie Dinmonts were categorized as a separate breed. The Skyes included the Scotties, the Westies, and the Cairns.  

In the year 1912, the Cairns receive their official name based on their excellent ability to hunt down vermin such as otters, foxes, and badgers that were hiding in cairns.  However, it was in the year 1913 when they received the official recognition from the American Kennel Club. 

The cairn is one euphemism of Associate in Nursing agile constellation that's terribly acceptable for the full family. This breed is elfin, prying, and is often able to be a part of the fun. If you're still not convinced, simply reckon however Dorothy was diverted and among this kind of dog.


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